By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen

The e-book incorporates a choice of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this publication are all written inside of a cognitive linguistics framework, focused round various linguistic points of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an advent to this major subject, offering a huge viewpoint and a basic, theoretical history from note grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the rest ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic elements of the verb, illustrated via a number of languages and study components, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe assorted elements of Norwegian - a language now not previous investigated at this type of scale inside cognitive linguistics. Norwegian deals priceless contributions via being heavily concerning English, but differing in definite vital and engaging methods. moreover, info from a number of different languages are incorporated, between others Italian, Russian, and varied African languages, offering a much wider typological variety.

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The clauses in (29b) represent categorical judgments concerning their respective subjects. Personally, I see no reason not to similarly regard the clauses in (29a) as representing categorical judgments concerning their respective objects. g. the responses in (30), recently described by Lambrecht (1994) in terms of "sentence focus" vs. "predicate focus": (30) a. What's wrong? My neck hurts. [thetic; sentence focus] b. What's wrong with your neck ? My neck hurts. [categorical; predicate focus] Whereas the response in (30a) accords no special discourse status to the subject, in that the entire sentence represents new information, the response in (30b) takes the subject as a local topic and makes a predication concerning it.

They finished the job before I got there. b. Before I got there, they finished the job. Topic, subject, and possessor 33 Observe the greater naturalness of uttering (19a) without a pause, and (19b) with one. I interpret this as indicating that the correlation of event sequencing with speech time makes it easier to process the entire expression in a single "window of attention". With the reverse order, apprehension is more difficult because the subordinate-clause event has to be kept in mind until the main clause is processed; only then can the entire scenario be conceptualized in accordance with its inherent temporal dynamic.

Certainly it is common for all the elements within a local domain to be simultaneously available for conceptual integration whose inherent temporal directionality runs counter to their sequencing in speech time. Thus we can easily process either (19a) or (19b) despite the fact that the temporal sequencing of events correlates with speech time only in the former. (19) a. They finished the job before I got there. b. Before I got there, they finished the job. Topic, subject, and possessor 33 Observe the greater naturalness of uttering (19a) without a pause, and (19b) with one.

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