By William B. McGregor
This quantity units out to supply a complete description of the grammar of Gooniyandi, a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the southern-central Kimberley zone of Western Australia. It covers phonetics and phonology, observe word and clause constitution, and the semantics of closed-class grammatical goods. the key concentration is, although, on which means: how do Gooniyandi audio system suggest with and of their language. To this finish, the theoretical framework of systemic practical grammar, fairly as elaborated in Halliday's contemporary paintings, is followed. convinced refinements to the speculation are proposed with a purpose to larger account for the Gooniyandi proof. Of seen significance to these learning Australian aboriginal languages, this paintings has an significance to a much wider viewers for its potent presentation of idea justification.
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Extra resources for A Functional Grammar of Gooniyandi (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Ts lhc "hush blat:ks"' might have on the "dviliscd" st<~t'kwmkcrs. Tht~ wet. :t·ially male initiation. ~ Ahurig:inat rcsiswnre is well dtx:umt•nted, and a nurnher nf whitt• men and d1cit cattle were speared or shut. opolds" (ldricss HJ52), was a nunuha man whu organist•d a hand of Alx1rigincs who, for ~mnc )'Cars in the mid-lX'lOs. ar Ranges (Pedersen HJK4). an rcsp·onsc m the Pigeon t~pi~Jdt~. n ;Lo;stmlt~ nnnnwnd of the INTRODUCTION 22 police operations against the Aborigines (R. McGregor 1985:80).
Some gaps, such as the absence of terms for sexual organs and acts are expected; others are not- for example, despite intensive questioning, I was able to find a distinct term for only one animal, the dog. ) Avoidance words in Australian languages tend to be more general than their everyday counterparts (Dixon 1972, Haviland 1978, Rumsey 1982a). In Gooniyandi it is primarily the verbal roots of the avoidance style that are more general than their ordinary counterparts. ' has a range of meanings that is covered by a number of more specific everyday terms, including jag- 'say', jijag- 'speak', miga- 'tell', etc.
No phonotactic patterns or sandhi processes group these two segments together; nor does this grouping serve in any useful phonological generalisation in Gooniyandi. Only /r/, and not /dd/, occurs word initially, and only /dd/ occurs syllable finally in root medial syllables. However, this does not constitute evidence that the distinction between these two phonemes is neutralised in these positions, any more than is the fact that /r/ and /ly/ share these identical distributional patterns evidence for the neutralisation of the opposition between them.