By Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea
In response to contemporary study in formal linguistics, this quantity offers an intensive description of the total approach of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer experience, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines the entire adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The ebook specializes in syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but additionally encompasses a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the publication can function a place to begin for the learn of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or no longer they're typologically relating to Romanian. This publication can be of targeted curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, particularly simply because Romanian is suitable for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but in addition as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.
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Additional info for A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase
B. *Am văzut toate filme. 1 seen all films Other functional categories, namely cardinals and other quantity expressions, as well as alt ‘other’, may co-occur with Determiners (in which case they appear in the post-D position), but they may also appear without a D: (28) a. trei / mulţi copii three / many children b. acei trei / mulţi copii those three / many children When they follow a Determiner, these expressions might be considered modifiers of the noun. However, they are distinguished from normal modifiers by several properties: they only appear prenominally (with a few exceptions for which see Chapter 3, §5), they precede other prenominal modifiers and have a fixed order with respect to one another.
The projection of the N, which contains, in addition to the noun itself, its complements and modifiers: (25) [DP …D … [NP …N …]] Note moreover that certain ‘pronouns’ do not contain any lexical N, but only Determiners. Therefore, the DP-hypothesis, according to which maximal nominal projections are DPs rather than NPs, is crucial in order to explain why pronouns have the same distribution as maximal nominal projections: both types of constituents are DPs. The special status of determiners is also shown by the behavior of the suffixal definite article.
D [F N+F [AP [tN Complement]]] ii. D [ [[N tComplement] AP] Complement] The two analyses make different predictions for those configurations in which more than one postnominal adjective is present. (i) predicts that in a sequence N A1 A2 (Complement), A1 is higher than A2, (ii) predicts the opposite. 2), all the empirical data support the prediction made by analysis (ii): in the order N A1 A2, A2 is higher than A1. The order of Romanian postnominal adjectives is thus the reverse (or ‘mirror’) order with respect to the order of English prenominal adjectives – regardless of whether a complement is present or not, as shown in the following examples: (53) a.