By T. Schneider
Various national study programmes within the box of acidification were performed within the final decade. specifically in Western Europe, broad programmes have ended in a great assessment of all of the results - usually detrimental - as a result of acidifying components. there's now consensus that kinds of acidification harm relate to the original geography of a space: pollution impacts plants; acid aerosol the ozone layer. New during this quantity, is the relation among clinical result of built-in learn programmes and coverage activities to avoid, lessen and restrict the frequent harm brought on by acidification. the result of many various nationwide examine programmes are evaluated and in comparison to current a special compilation for the learn scientist and coverage maker. during this quantity thematic reports on particular themes of acidification examine are provided, by way of overviews of acidification coverage plans and real abatement plans. the result's the easiest evaluation of acidification learn conducted world wide over the past decade and presentation of the serious relation among examine effects and coverage activities.
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Extra info for Acidification Research: Evaluation and Policy Applications: Proceedings of an International Conference, Maastricht, the Netherlands, 14-18 October
They are thus frequently applied in a non-specific manner to various kinds of emissions, especially in political discussions and as titles for research programmes and conferences. In a more narrow sense, the term "acid deposition" can today be defined as the input of all components into an ecosystem which determine the net proton flux into the system. Acid rain in this context is only a part of acid deposition. For the determination of total acidity input, the interception of sulfur- and nitrogen-containing particles as well as the dry deposition of nitrogen dioxide, nitric acid, sulfur dioxide and ammonia have to be included.
7. 2. Parliamentary Documents 11, 1983/84, 18 225, nrs 1-2. 3. Parliamentary Documents 11, 1984/85, 18 605, nrs 1-2. 4. Parliamentary Documents 11, 1987/88, 18 225, nr. 22. 5. Dutch Priority Programme on Acidification: Summary Report Acidification Research 1984-1988, Publication 00-06, November 1988, RIVM. 6. Parliamentary Documents 11, 1988/89, 21 137, nrs 1-2, issued to Parliament May 25th, 1989. 7. Parliamentary Documents 11, 1988/89, 18 225, nr. 31, issued to Parliament July 20th, 1989. 8. Parliamentary Documents 11, 1989/90, 21 137, nr.
Defoliation is not a cause-specific symptom. Estimates of defoliation alone give nearly no information on its causes. - There is no evidence of a widespread decline in the growth of European forests associated with the widespread reports of defoliation, although reductions have been demonstrated at a local or regional scale (Anonymous, 1990 a). These gaps suggest some recommendations for the execution of future surveys: - - Quantify the uncertainties of forest damage surveys and improve the harmonization of assessment methods in different countries.