By Richard W J Neufeld

Some of the options of quantitative cognitive technological know-how carry promise for supporting people who have difficulties in dwelling. more and more, those studiesare showing in mainstream clinical-science and clinical-practice journals. The individuals to this quantity exhibit fertile scientific functions of quantitative cognitive technology in charting abnormalities between teams and contributors: in addition they exhibit how readers can observe those ideas of their personal study, tests and perform. The participants are cognitive scientist who've officially modeled clinically suitable facets of cognitive functioning between unique populations as wellas scientific scientists who've tailored thoughts of quantitative cognitive technological know-how to enhance their medical examine and evaluation.

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Additional info for Advances in Clinical Cognitive Science: Formal Modeling of Processes And Symptoms

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Using a modification of the original BatchelderRiefer (1990) model, Keefe et al. (1999) found that schizophrenics exhibited deficits in source discrimination for all of the source comparisons. This is an important result, because it indicates that the problems that schizophrenics have with source monitoring are more far reaching than the realitymonitoring deficits demonstrated by Harvey. In a related study, Aleman, Bocker, Hijman, de Haan, and Kahn (2003) found no significant difference in the item-detection parameters of the model between schizophrenics who exhibit hallucinations and those who do not.

In addition, the model is able to estimate the biases used to respond when the items are not detected or are detected but not discriminated. In our original application of this model, we tested it by applying it to a series of previously published studies. One of these studies was conducted by Harvey (1985), who examined schizophrenics in a variation of source monitoring called reality monitoring. In a reality-monitoring task, people must discriminate between external items that are presented from an outside source and internal items that they generate themselves.

7 have been used to examine a wide variety of issues (for a review, see Yonelinas, 2002), including applications to clinical populations. Probably the most common clinical application has been in the study of conscious and automatic processes in patients with various forms of amnesia. A common research finding is that patients with amnesia exhibit cognitive deficits through explicit or direct tests of their memory, but they show little or no memory impairment on implicit or indirect memory tests.

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