By Ronald A. Reis

This booklet tells of the contribution of African americans to the reason for the Union within the American Civil conflict. firstly kept away from, unfastened blacks and ex-slaves finally donned uniforms and fought in additional than four hundred battles. regardless of blatant prejudice and discrimination, they proved their valour and contributed highly to the luck of the Union.

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Jubilee “Men squealed, women fainted, dogs barked, white and colored people shook hands, songs were sung,” observed James McPherson in The Negro’s Civil War. “Great processions of colored and white men marched to and fro, passed in front of the White House and congratulated President Lincoln on his proclamation. ” It was New Year’s Day, January 1, 1863: Emancipation Day! Jubilation was everywhere. S. history. Yet amid the celebrations, the famed former slave and abolitionist had a serious warning for his fellow blacks, and for the nation as a whole.

In the months to come, the Planter became a most valuable asset for the Union blockade fleet in the South Atlantic. 39 3 War and Emancipation H e may not have been the man “who won the West,” but he had come pretty close to it, at least in his own mind. The legendary “Pathfinder,” John C. Fremont, gained a national reputation as a trailblazer of the West during the two decades before the Civil War (though it was possibly a greater reputation than he deserved). Fremont led the successful effort to wrestle California from Mexico, and he served as one of the state’s first senators.

When war broke out, the islands’ plantation owners fled to the mainland, leaving behind thousands of slaves to fend for themselves. Union forces quickly occupied the Sea Islands, hoping to provide a haven in stormy weather for the federal blockading squadrons that patrolled the coastline. Also, it was felt that the islands would be an ideal location, given their relatively mild climate, for the training of new recruits from the North during the winter to come. In April, Hunter and his forces took Fort Pulaski, a Confederate stronghold located near the mouth of the Savannah River.

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