By Francis Bebey, Josephine Bennett
Attractive and enlightening, this consultant explores African music's varieties, musicians, tools, and position within the lifetime of the folk. A discography categorised through state, topic, team, and device can be included.
Original version: 1969
English translation: 1975, Josephine Bennett
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Additional info for African Music: A People's Art
Hollis of the Native Affairs Department put it, “The native of this country, broadly speaking, was of a low and unprogressive type. ”90 As a result, the settlers called for the “idle native” to be pushed into the market to make use of his dormant labor potential through forced labor. The aforementioned Northey felt that, since Europeans had been enticed into settle in Kenya, the purpose of British colonialism in Kenya was to develop the natural resources of the country for the benefit of white settlers.
Guest, Lord Cranworth, and E. Powys Cobb. The purpose of their visit was to discuss how to better obtain labor in the protectorate for the plantations, how to deliver it more efficiently to the plantations, and whether a system of registration of African laborers should be introduced. More specifically, the delegates emphasized the need for more taxation, a decrease “Making the Lazy Nigger Work” 47 in African wages, standardized contracts, and more systematic government recruitment of labor. The deputation felt that the government needed to systematize labor recruitment by establishing a recruiting agency for African labor and an employers’ labor federation that would administer the labor when recruited.
25 As mentioned previously, the British intended the NAO to serve as a legal bridge with African tradition. ”26 Although the specific traditional legitimacy of colonial communal labor was debatable, there did exist in precolonial Kenya, among certain ethnic groups, cooperative labor mechanisms involving simple redistribution of labor surplus. This collective labor had different names but functioned in similar ways. ” Unlike its colonial reinvention, the labor requirements were more casual, were not binding, and usually involved the construction of domiciles or providing extra labor during harvesting.