By Said Amir Arjomand

A accomplished analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, protecting the advance of theocratic govt, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' overseas coverage and nearby ambitions

Written through the writer of The Turban for the Crown

A new concept of the progressive procedure and post-revolutionary reconstruction recommended via the Iranian case

For many american citizens, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even sooner than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the fact? How did Ahmadinejad upward push to energy, and what sort of energy does he fairly have? What are the possibilities of normalizing relatives with Iran?

In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of up to date Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, providing an excellent tablet biography of the guy who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter most sensible exemplified via Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic procedure, he lines the emergence and consolidation of the current method of collective rule through clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management via the ayatollah because the ideal consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the interior political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his innovative legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's defense forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the capability destiny function of the progressive Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage to boot, together with the influence of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.

Few international locations loom higher in American overseas kin than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.

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After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors

A finished analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, masking the advance of theocratic executive, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' overseas coverage and neighborhood ambitions

Written through the writer of The Turban for the Crown

A new idea of the progressive strategy and post-revolutionary reconstruction prompt via the Iranian case

For many americans, Iran is our most deadly enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even earlier than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the fact? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to strength, and what sort of strength does he quite have? What are the possibilities of normalizing family with Iran?

In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran lower than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, delivering a super tablet biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter top exemplified through Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic procedure, he lines the emergence and consolidation of the current approach of collective rule by means of clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management through the ayatollah because the very best consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the interior political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his innovative legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safety forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the strength destiny function of the innovative Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage besides, together with the effect of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.

Few nations loom better in American overseas kinfolk than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a kingdom nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.

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He also maintained Khomeini’s pervasive network of clerical commissars, not covered by the Constitution, in the government bureaucracy, military and security services, religious and mobilizational organizations, the foundations and foreign relations, as well as the provincial and municipal Friday prayer leaders (imām jom‛as). 3 In 1992, the staunch advocate of the Mandate of the Jurist, ‘Ali-Akbar Nateq-Nuri, became the Speaker of the Fifth Majles, and with the help of the Majles hardliners, Khamenei forced Hashemi-Rafsanjani to give the Interior Ministry to one of his men, Hojjat al-Islam Mohammad Besharati, and to keep another, Hojjat al-Eslam ‘Ali Fallahian, as the Minister of Intelligence.

If a jurist wants to use force, this jurist would have no mandate. ”41 Perhaps for these reasons, or because of anxiety for the future of the Islamic revolution,42 Khomeini personally did not show much interest in the making and content of the constitution in the first two months after the revolution, but just wanted a constitution promulgated as quickly as possible. The draft constitution quickly prepared was based on the model of the 1958 Constitution of the French Fifth Republic by the Provisional Government and made no reference to his theory of theocratic government.

While expounding his notion of the rule of law in an Islamic order on the anniversary of the Islamic revolution on February 11, 1983, he explained that there was no difference between the incumbency of the “primary” and “secondary” ordinances. He arrived at this position circuitously, arguing first that “determination of the subject in secular or customary matters (‘orfiyya)” could properly be done by the Majles deputies upon technical expert advice and with a majority of two-thirds. 63 When it came to bills specifically designed to Islamicize the Iranian legal system, the Guardian Council was easier to satisfy.

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