By Abu 'l-Qasim Al-Qushayri, Alexander Knysh

Translated through Alexander D. Knysh

The writer of the Epistle on Sufism, Abu'l-Qasim al-Qushayri (376-465 H / 986-1074 CE), used to be a recognized Sunni Shafi'i Ash'ari student and mystic (Sufi) from Khurasan in Iran. His Epistle is without doubt one of the most well-liked Sufi guide ever. Written in 437 H / 1045 CE, it has served as a first-rate textbook for lots of generations of Sufi newcomers all the way down to the current. al-Qushayri has given us an illuminating perception into the standard lives of Sufi devotees of the 8th to 11th centuries CE and the ethical and moral dilemmas they have been dealing with in attempting to strike a fragile stability among their ascetic and mystical convictions and the exigencies of lifestyles in a society ruled by way of rank, wealth, and army energy. In al-Qushayri's narrative, the Sufi 'friends of God' (awliya') are depicted because the precise, if uncrowned, 'kings' of this international, now not these worldly rulers who seem to be lording it over the typical herd of believers. but, even the main complicated Sufi masters are usually not take salvation without any consideration. Miracle-working, irrespective of how outstanding, can't warrantly the Sufi a 'favorite end result' within the afterlife, for it can be yet a ruse at the a part of God who desires to attempt the ethical integrity of his servant. within the Epistle, those and lots of different Sufi motifs are illustrated by means of the anecdotes and parables that exhibit al-Qushayri's fellow Sufis in a wide selection of contexts: being affected by starvation and thirst within the desolate tract, whereas acting pilgrimage to Makkah, engaging in 'spiritual auditions', reciting the Qur'an, waging warfare opposed to the 'infidel' enemy and their very own wants, incomes their livelihood, meditating in a retreat, praying, operating miracles, interacting with the 'people of the market-place', their kin and friends, dreaming, and demise.

Show description

Read or Download al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi Ilm al-Tasawwuf PDF

Best islam books

After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors

A entire analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, masking the advance of theocratic govt, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and neighborhood ambitions

Written by means of the writer of The Turban for the Crown

A new conception of the innovative procedure and post-revolutionary reconstruction recommended by way of the Iranian case

For many americans, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even prior to the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to energy, and what sort of energy does he particularly have? What are the probabilities of normalizing kin with Iran?

In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a sophisticated and perceptive portrait of up to date Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran lower than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, supplying an excellent tablet biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter top exemplified via Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic procedure, he strains the emergence and consolidation of the current process of collective rule through clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management by way of the ayatollah because the ideal consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safety forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the capability destiny position of the progressive Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's international coverage to boot, together with the influence of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.

Few international locations loom better in American overseas relatives than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.

Jihad in Islamic History: Doctrines and Practice

What's jihad? Does it suggest violence, as many non-Muslims think? Or does it suggest peace, as a few Muslims insist? simply because jihad is heavily linked to the early unfold of Islam, contemporary debate concerning the foundation and which means of jihad is not anything lower than a fight over Islam itself. In Jihad in Islamic historical past, Michael Bonner presents the 1st examine in English that specializes in the early heritage of jihad, laying off much-needed gentle at the most modern controversies over jihad.

Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat within Islamism (Religion and Global Politics)

Tamimi introduces the concept of Sheikh Rachid Ghannouchi, the popular Islamist political activist who heads Tunisia's so much important--albeit banned--Islamist political competition to the present authoritarian regime of Zine Abidine Ben Ali. Ghannouchi is the chief of a faculty in smooth Islamic political idea that advocates democracy and pluralism.

Charlemagne, Muhammad, and the Arab Roots of Capitalism

Gene W. Heck explores the position of Islam in precipitating Europe's 12th century advertisement renaissance. picking that Europe's medieval feudal interregnum was once principally brought on by indigenous governmental enterprise rules and never via shifts in foreign alternate styles, he demonstrates how Islamic financial precepts supplied the ideological rationales that empowered medieval Europe to flee its three-decade-long scan in "Dark Age economics" - within the procedure, supplying the West with its archetypic instruments of capitalism.

Extra resources for al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi Ilm al-Tasawwuf

Example text

On him see IM, pp. 32–33. See IM, pp. 33–34 and pages 36–37 in this book. Probably Central Asia. ABU πL-QASIM AL-QUSHAYRI 31 Some said that the cause of his conversion to asceticism was as follows. He saw a slave boy who was playing around and rejoicing during a famine, whereas all other people were afraid of it [famine]. Shaqiq asked him: “Where does your liveliness come from? ” The slave boy said: “What is this to me? ” Shaqiq took heed and said: “So, his master has a village, and his master is but a poor creature.

He said: Muhammad b. al-Husayn Ibn al-Khashshab said: Abu al-Hasan ∏Ali b. Muhammad al-Misri said: Abu Sa∏id al-Kharraz said: Ibrahim b. Bashshar said: “I was accompanying Ibrahim b. Adham. ”//32 Ibrahim b. Adham was particularly famous for his pious scrupulosity. ” Someone said to Ibrahim b. ” He then recited the following verse: When something becomes too expensive for me, I abandon it. Therefore the more expensive it becomes, the cheaper it is [for me]. 8 On him, see IM, pp. 18–20. 9 Presently in northern Afghanistan.

So Dawud said: “My soul prompted me toward seclusion. ” Thus he achieved what he achieved. [Once] Junayd al-Hajjam (the Cupper) cupped Dawud al-Taπi. The latter gave him a dinar. Someone told him that this was too much. ” 83 That is, a Sufi. 84 That is, a Sufi. 85 Abu Hanifa al-Nu∏man (d. 150/767), a renowned scholar of Iraq who founded the Hanafi school of law. 86 That is, theoretical knowledge. 87 That is, Abu Hanifa and his followers. 88 Muruπa; on this rather vague moral virtue see EI under “Muruπa”.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.20 of 5 – based on 16 votes