By J. H. Allen, J. B. Greenough
A venerable source for greater than a century, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar continues to be looked by means of scholars and lecturers because the best Latin reference grammar to be had. Concise, complete, and good equipped, it's unmatched extensive and readability, putting a wealth of recommendation on utilization, vocabulary, diction, composition, and syntax inside of effortless achieve of Latin students in any respect levels.
This sourcebook's three-part remedy starts off with phrases and varieties, overlaying elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores situations, moods, and tenses. The concluding part deals info on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different topics. huge appendixes function a thesaurus of phrases and indexes. scholars of background, faith, and literature will locate lasting worth during this modestly priced version of a vintage consultant to Latin.
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One’ would be expressed by re, except that this /re/ is under-speciﬁed for number, so the sentence would be ambiguous between give me one and give me some. 3 Numerals and quantiﬁers Partitives accompany numerals in languages such as Finnish and Estonian. Moreover, in Basque, they occur with certain quantiﬁers, such as ‘many’, and in Finnish certain postpositions require partitive. ’ vuot-ta year- PAR franko many Similarly, in Russian the genitive occurs in the same contexts, as shown in (40): Typology and diachrony of partitive case markers Russian (personal knowledge) (40) Pjat’ / mnogo jablok / sto / mnogo hundred many ﬁve many apple:GEN .
Partitive markers typically contrast with nominative/accusative/absolutive markers in languages that have a partitive case. Finnish and Basque have a distinct case form labeled as partitive, whose primary function is to express partitive meanings. Typically, partitive cases are not directly connected with the encoding of a speciﬁc grammatical relation. ’ bussi-a. bus- PAR Notably, in this group of languages, the partitive marker, being a case ending, shares the morphological distribution of case endings.
The chapter is largely based on the data retrieved from the other chapters in the volume. This has the consequence that some languages are better represented than others. The chapter does therefore not aim at presenting any statistical data on the examined phenomena, but its goal is to give an overview of the partitive markers in the world’s languages based on the languages we have data for. First, a typology of the mechanisms employed for partitive coding will be proposed. g. (2b) ‘Aino was eating the bread (when something happened)’ which are not relevant here.