By Martin Hilpert

Martin Hilpert combines building grammar and complex corpus-based method right into a new approach of learning language switch. buildings are generalizations over remembered exemplars of language use. those exemplars are kept with all their formal and practical homes, yielding constructional generalizations that comprise many parameters of edition. over the years, as styles of language use are altering, the generalizations are altering with them. This ebook illustrates the workings of constructional swap with 3 corpus-based stories that display styles of swap at a number of degrees of linguistic constitution, starting from allomorphy to note formation and to syntax. Taken jointly, the implications strongly encourage using development grammar in study on diachronic language switch. This new point of view has wide-ranging effects for a way old linguists take into consideration language switch. it is going to be of specific curiosity to linguists engaged on morpho-syntax, sociolinguistics and corpus linguistics.

Show description

Read or Download Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word Formation, and Syntax PDF

Best grammar books

Iraqi Phrasebook : The Complete Language Guide for Contemporary Iraq

The one language consultant of its variety, the Iraqi Phrasebook provide you with the Iraqi-Arabic words you will have to speak successfully regularly trip, scientific, and protection events, in addition to with traditional Iraqis in the street. The e-book: Separates content material through subject makes a speciality of conversational language provides Arabic words in easy-to-read transliteration beneficial properties words addressing wishes of army, reduction, enterprise, and development team of workers

Language universals and linguistic typology: syntax and morphology

Because its first book, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has develop into validated because the best introductory account of 1 of the most efficient components of linguistics—the research, comparability, and category of the typical good points and varieties of the association of languages. Adopting an method of the topic pioneered through Greenberg and others, Bernard Comrie is very interested by syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to observe order, case making, relative clauses, and causative buildings.

Zero Syntax: Experiencers and Cascades (Current Studies in Linguistics)

The research and concept built in 0 Syntax is a crucial contribution to the certainty of common Grammar. The overriding topic is the suggestion that the supply and syntactic positioning of arguments isn't really a question of probability yet arises from legislation governing the constitution of lexical entries and from legislation governing syntactic constructions themselves.

Transitivity: Form, Meaning, Acquisition, and Processing

What occurs whilst a canonically transitive shape meets a canonically transitive which means, and what occurs while this doesn’t ensue? How do dyadic types relate to monadic ones, and what are the entailments of the operations that the grammar makes use of to narrate one to the opposite? accumulating unique specialist paintings from acquisition, processing, typological and theoretical syntax-semantics examine, this quantity offers a cutting-edge in addition to leading edge dialogue of principal matters within the realm of Transitivity.

Additional info for Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word Formation, and Syntax

Sample text

The first of these defines the characteristic that ‘counts’ in an assessment of mutual likeness. In many statistics software packages, the analyst can choose between two kinds of similarity measures that lend themselves to different types of comparisons. Distances between single data points can be compared with measures such as Euclidean distance or city block distance. In order to measure distances between internally complex data points, that is, vectors of measurements, not single points, it is sometimes more adequate to use a similarity measure such as Pearson’s product moment correlation, which take the curvature of such vectors into account (Gries 2008: 302).

These examples indicate that constructional change is not a vacuous, all-encompassing notion. The contrast between constructional and non-constructional change in phonology is perhaps best elucidated with reference to change in allomorphic variation, which is a case of constructional change par excellence. At the end of the Middle English period, one way to encode the third person singular in the present tense was the suffix -(e)th. Toward the end of the seventeenth century, the interdental suffix was almost completely replaced by the rivaling alveolar suffix -(e)s, which persists in Present-Day English usage (Nevalainen and Raumolin-Brunberg 2003).

It was mentioned in the beginning of this chapter that constructional approaches, as a matter of theoretical inheritance, take a mentalist stance, focusing on the knowledge of an individual. Subsequent sections have made the point that this does not mean that Construction Grammar uncritically maintains the idea of an idealized speaker–hearer from a homogeneous speech community. While language variation has not been a central concern for early research in Construction Grammar, current work acknowledges its importance both theoretically and in terms of research methodology that is adopted from sociolinguistics (as, for instance, in Bergs 2005, Bergs and Diewald 2009, Hollmann and Siewierska 2007, Grondelaers et al.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 40 votes