By Martin Hilpert
Martin Hilpert combines building grammar and complex corpus-based method right into a new approach of learning language switch. buildings are generalizations over remembered exemplars of language use. those exemplars are kept with all their formal and practical homes, yielding constructional generalizations that comprise many parameters of edition. over the years, as styles of language use are altering, the generalizations are altering with them. This ebook illustrates the workings of constructional swap with 3 corpus-based stories that display styles of swap at a number of degrees of linguistic constitution, starting from allomorphy to note formation and to syntax. Taken jointly, the implications strongly encourage using development grammar in study on diachronic language switch. This new point of view has wide-ranging effects for a way old linguists take into consideration language switch. it is going to be of specific curiosity to linguists engaged on morpho-syntax, sociolinguistics and corpus linguistics.
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Additional info for Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word Formation, and Syntax
The first of these defines the characteristic that ‘counts’ in an assessment of mutual likeness. In many statistics software packages, the analyst can choose between two kinds of similarity measures that lend themselves to different types of comparisons. Distances between single data points can be compared with measures such as Euclidean distance or city block distance. In order to measure distances between internally complex data points, that is, vectors of measurements, not single points, it is sometimes more adequate to use a similarity measure such as Pearson’s product moment correlation, which take the curvature of such vectors into account (Gries 2008: 302).
These examples indicate that constructional change is not a vacuous, all-encompassing notion. The contrast between constructional and non-constructional change in phonology is perhaps best elucidated with reference to change in allomorphic variation, which is a case of constructional change par excellence. At the end of the Middle English period, one way to encode the third person singular in the present tense was the suffix -(e)th. Toward the end of the seventeenth century, the interdental suffix was almost completely replaced by the rivaling alveolar suffix -(e)s, which persists in Present-Day English usage (Nevalainen and Raumolin-Brunberg 2003).
It was mentioned in the beginning of this chapter that constructional approaches, as a matter of theoretical inheritance, take a mentalist stance, focusing on the knowledge of an individual. Subsequent sections have made the point that this does not mean that Construction Grammar uncritically maintains the idea of an idealized speaker–hearer from a homogeneous speech community. While language variation has not been a central concern for early research in Construction Grammar, current work acknowledges its importance both theoretically and in terms of research methodology that is adopted from sociolinguistics (as, for instance, in Bergs 2005, Bergs and Diewald 2009, Hollmann and Siewierska 2007, Grondelaers et al.